Coffee glossary

  • Cappuccino

    Cappuccino is a popular coffee house drink that you can also make at home as long as you have an espresso machine and the proper beans.  A cappuccino consists of espresso topped with equal parts foamed and steamed milk.  This drink is often served in a large, rounded coffee mug and is best enjoyed at a leisurely pace.

  • Café Americano

    Café Americano is a American drip coffee with an Italian twist. Made from equal portions of espresso and boiling water, rather than hot water filtering through ground coffee beans, a café Americano has the flavor of a stronger version of brewed coffee.  It is a drink of choice for those who love strong, robust coffee flavors.

  • Café Au Lait

    The café au lait is made with equal parts of brewed coffee and steamed milk. It is a traditional French drink. A penny saving tip when at the coffee shop, is to replace the typically pricier cappuccinos or lattes, with a cafe au lait, every now and then.

  • Café Breve

    A café breve is a milk-based espresso where a half-and-half mixture of milk and cream is used. The half-and-half mixture increases the amount of foam in this drink, making it fluffier than a typical latte. The rich and creamy café breve is a decadent choice, and is perhaps not one for those wishing to watch their waistlines or calorie intake.

  • Caffe Corretto

    Caffe corretto is an alcoholic coffee drink. It is prepared by mixing espresso with a shot of brandy, cognac, or liqueur. This drink has its origins in Italy, and there, grappa or sambuca, are often chosen as the liqueur. A caffe corretto could be a great way to end a dinner party, where Italian foods are served. It is also a wonderful accompaniment to chocolate desserts, ice cream or gelato.

  • Café Crème

    A café crème consists of 1.5 ounces of espresso, combined with one ounce of heavy cream. It is a truly delicious and decadent, traditional French coffee drink, and is most often served in a large cup with hot cream.

  • Café Doppio

    A café doppio is a double-shot of espresso, with one shot of hot water. This is a strong coffee drink that can give you a real “pick me up”, so if you like strong coffee you may want to try a café doppio.

  • Café Frappuccino

    The café frappuccino is a cold, slushed coffee drink, made from iced coffee, milk, flavourings and ice. Creating a café frappuccino at home is something to try: blend together iced coffee, milk, sugar and any flavourings you like, to create your own frosty treat.

  • Café Freddo

    A café freddo consists of chilled espresso served in a glass, and is a delicious choice on a hot summer day. If you like a strong coffee flavour, you are likely to enjoy a café freddo. It also tastes great with added sugar, if you enjoy sweeter coffee drinks.

  • Café Latte

    The café latte is a very popular coffee drink, whether it is being ordered in a coffee shop, or made at home by a coffee connoisseur. It is prepared in a six-ounce cup with 1.5 ounces of espresso and filled to the top with steamed milk, to form a dense drink. The cafe latte may also be topped with foamed milk, if desired.

  • Café Latte Macchiato

    A café latte macchiato is a glass of hot milk, with a teaspoon of espresso. This is a very light coffee drink, which is very smooth and enjoyable. This is a great choice for when you want a nice hot coffee drink, but don’t want much caffeine. It can be sweetened to taste, or flavours such as almond, vanilla or caramel, may be added if desired.

  • Caffé Lungo

    The café lungo is a long espresso, made by adding boiling water to 1.5 ounces of espresso. It is the Italian term for an Americano. The Italian word, Lungo, translates to “long”, which is pertinent because the addition of hot water to this espresso drink visually stretches it’s size, and you can drink it over a longer period of time.

  • Caffé Macchiato

    To make a caffé macchiato, pour 1.5 ounces of espresso into a demitasse, and top it with a portion of foamed milk. Macchiato means, “marked” in Italian, and this expresso drink is so marked with milk. Traditionally, only a teaspoon of milk is added to a macchiato, but there are many variations around the world.

  • Café Mocha

    The café mocha contains espresso, chocolate syrup, and steamed milk, often topped with whipped cream and cocoa powder, or chocolate shavings. The mocha is a variation of a latte, but with the addition of chocolate. There are many variations of this popular milk drink, including white chocolate mochas and tuxedo mochas, with the latter containing both white and dark chocolate.

  • Café Ristretto

    The café ristretto is a highly concentrated espresso (3/4 to one ounce of water used for extraction), resulting in a denser and more aromatic espresso drink. Another term for this drink is “short”, or “café court” or “café serre” in French. This drink offers a thicker and much more robust espresso, which a strong coffee lover would enjoy.

  • Café Romano

    The café romano consists of regular espresso, served with a twist of lemon or lemon peel. It is a slight twist on a simple espresso, with the addition of a bit of fresh and zesty flavour. To give yourself the feeling of a vacation at home, simply add a twist of lemon to your espresso, upon a morning.

  • Caffe Mocha

    The caffe mocha is a coffee shop favourite, and it can be prepared in a variety of ways. Basically, it is a chocolate-flavoured cafe latte. Mochas are often prepared with whipped cream on top, and some are made even more decadent with the addition of rich dark chocolate shavings, sprinkled upon the whipped cream topping.

  • Cafe Noir

    The phrase “café noir” describes coffee served without cream or milk. It is the French for “black coffee”.

  • Cappuccino

    Cappuccino gets its name from the Italian order of Catholic Capuchin monks, whose hooded robes resemble the shape and colour of the drink’s cap of foam. The frothed milk from the top of the steaming pitcher, is spooned on top to “cap” the cappuccino and retain its heat. Cappuccinos are typically made up of 1/3 espresso, 1/3 steamed milk and 1/3 frothed milk on top.

  • Espresso

    The word espresso is derived from the Latin word “Expresere”, which means “to press out”. It describes the brewing method that was invented in Italy at the turn of the century, which extracts the heart of the coffee bean. A pump-driven machine forces hot water through fine grounds at around nine atmospheres of pressure, usually taking between 18 to 23 seconds to extract a good shot of between 3/4 of an ounce and one ounce of liquid. This brewing process produces a sweet, smooth, thick and rich shot of espresso.

  • Espresso Lungo

    Espresso lungo is a shot that is pulled long, for a bit of extra espresso. Many believe this maximises the caffeine, but as the beans are exposed to heat for a longer period of time, the taste of the espresso lungo is usually more bitter than a traditional espresso shot.

  • Espresso Macchiato

    An espresso macchiato is an espresso with a minimal amount of steamed milk on top. This is a drink with a strong, espresso flavour and just a touch of milkiness. An espresso macchiato will often have foam on it, however, the traditional preparation of the drink is made with milk, or steamed milk, and does not require foam.

  • Espresso Ristretto

    Espresso ristretto literally translates to “restricted” espresso. This drink consists of a shorter draw of espresso than the traditional; creating a thicker and more flavoursome espresso. If you truly love the full flavour of espresso, a ristretto may be the drink for you.

  • Latte

    A latte is prepared by adding a shot or two of espresso to a cup of steamed milk, and topping it off with about a quarter of an inch of foamed milk. This smooth and tasty drink is popular for its high caffeine content and smooth flavour. It can be made with whole, semi-skimmed, or skimmed milk, for those who want to watch the calories.

  • Ristretto

    A ristretto is the strongest and most concentrated espresso drink. It is made with about half the amount of water, but the same amount of coffee as a regular espresso. It is pure, intense, and wonderful in taste. In Italian, ristretto means “restricted”. This relates to the amount of water used to brew the espresso being restricted.

  • Solo

    A solo is a single shot of espresso. When you pour a solo into a clear demitasse, you will be able to see the three main portions of an espresso shot; the crema, the body and the heart. Crema is the foamy top layer, the body is in the middle, and the heart lies at the bottom. The bottom is the bitter counterpart to the crema’s sweetness